Protecting animals in emergencies across Africa
When disaster strikes, we quickly respond to save animals in collaboration with partners. We also work with governments and communities to adequately prepare.
We vacinated 263,321 animals belonging to 7,831 households in Baringo following an expected drought which hit the Horn of Africa between October - December 2015. World Animal Protection Africa partnered with the Directorate of Veterinary Services (DVS) and the University of Nairobi faculty of Veterinary Medicine (UoN) to activate the veterinary emergency response unit (VERU) based at the UoN.
On 4 October 2015, a total of 62 veterinary personnel (30 from Veterinary Emergency Response Unit plus 32 Baringo veterinary officers|) were trained on the incident command systems (ICS) used by VERU. The vaccination campaign was divided into two phases, the first utilizing the University of Nairobi VERU plus county staff, and the second with only county staff.
These ensured animals were secure prior to the disaster.
We reached 17,775 animals with feeds, mineral, deworming and deworming in 1995 when Pico Do Fogo erupted, displacing 1300 people and 20000 animals. This affected the animals as the areas they moved to were less fertile, with little grazing areas and minimal water resources.
In 2016, we provided emergency food and water to over 6000 wild animals and 4000 herbivores in Ethiopia for a period of 3 months.
Some parts of Ethiopia were facing drought following lack of enough rains between March-April and June-August 2016. Most of these parts comprised of areas where most wild animals reside which were already suffering numerous man-made pressures ranging from livestock encroachment and overgrazing, human settlements, to charcoal production and deforestation.
This intervention opened a door for us to begin this emergency response engagement, which will hopefully result in the development of a wildlife emergency plan in Ethiopia in the long term.
We treated and vaccinated 74555 animals in disaster in Malawi between March to April 2015.
Malawi was affected by severe flooding in December 2014/ January 2015 affecting half the country especially the southern region, Lower Shire zone – Chikwawa and Nsanje districts; and Lake Chilwa/ Phalombe plains zone - Pholombe, and Zomba districts. The Shire River which runs along the Shire valley burst its banks as a result of massive backflows from the river tributaries that feed into it, large areas being overrun with water.
2258 households benefited securing their everyday livelihoods.
10 Facts on climate change
- In 2016, 194 countries signed the Paris Agreement to “stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system". This global agreement was hailed as a step forward in fighting climate change. It is now in danger of being reversed.
- The ten hottest years on record have occurred since 1998.
- 97% of climate scientists agree that climate change is caused by human activity.
- Floods and storms accounted for nearly 80% of all disasters between 2000-2010.
- Heat waves have become a leading cause of disaster –related death in the last two decades.
- Since 1970, the biggest killers have been storms and droughts. Together, they have resulted in 1.45M out of 1.94M global disaster deaths (~75%).
- Climate change and climate variability affects animals by:
a. producing more and intense climate-related disasters,
b. reducing habitat through rising sea levels,
c. reducing available food and water resources,
d. disrupting animal migration patterns,
e. affecting disease prevalence.
- Scientists predict more frequent and intense extreme weather events as a result of climate change.
- In some countries, small scale farmers, pastoralists (particularly women) and their animals will bear the brunt of negative effects from climate change.
- Reducing the impact of climate related disasters is achieved through preparedness and risk reduction. World Animal Protection works globally, sharing expertise on disaster preparedness and climate change adaptation with the most vulnerable animals and communities that depend on them.